Ethel Willhemine ROGERS

Female 1904 - 1992  (87 years)

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  • Name Ethel Willhemine ROGERS 
    Born 22 Dec 1904  Howland Township, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 22 Oct 1992  Mindemoya, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 26 Oct 1992  Cold Springs Cemetery, Part Of Lot # 30, Concession # 8, Bidwell Township, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I4656  Manitoulin Roots
    Last Modified 7 Nov 2019 

    Father Henry ROGERS,   b. 27 Mar 1870, Minden, Michigan, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Apr 1932, Howland Township, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Relationship Adopted 
    Mother Isabella MCKENZIE,   b. 10 Dec 1876, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Apr 1939, Howland Township, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Married 15 Nov 1897  Billings Township, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Ontario Vital Records - Marriages # 002 546 - 1897
      Henry ROGERS and Isabella McKENZIE were married 15 November 1897 at Billings. Groom's Parents: Henry Rogers and Mary Rogers. Bride's parents: Donald McKenzie and Margaret McKenzie.
    Family ID F3425  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Father Henry CANNARD,   b. 28 Sep 1863, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Dec 1940, Westlock, Alberta, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years) 
    Mother Mary Jane STERLING,   b. 22 Sep 1873, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Dec 1904, Howland Township, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 31 years) 
    Married 4 Jul 1894  Little Current, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Ontario Vital Records - Marriages # 001 262 - 1894
      Henry CANARD, 25, Farmer, born Ontario and Mary Jane GERTING, 20, born Ontario were married 4 July 1894 at Little Current. Witnesses: W.M. Gerting and Orillia M. Cannard, Bidwell.
    Family ID F401  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Dr. Denis Paul Francis MULVANEY,   b. 5 Mar 1904, Calcutta, Bengal, India Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 1971, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Married 10 Oct 1933  Lucknow, Bengal, India Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Announcement, Through the Years, Vol. VIII, No. 3, February 1992, page 33
      Also, Gert Aelick's Scrapbook, transcribed by Marilyn Irish
      A Manitoulin Girl (Photo), submitted by Mrs. John Ferguson
      This charming wedding scene in Lucknow, India, shows the bride, Miss Ethel Wilhemine Rogers, a Canadian girl, formerly of Toronto, with the bridegroom, Dr. Denis P. Mulvany of the Royal Army Medical Corps, who is the surgeon in Lucknow. The groom is the son of Col. John Mulvany, I.M.S., M.R.C.S., London.

      Announcement, Gert Aelick's Scrapbook, transcribed by Marilyn Irish
      To Wed in India
      Miss Ethel Wilhelmina Rogers, of Little Current, prominent member in the Canadian Authors' Association and the Canadian Society for Literature and Arts, will be married next month in Lucknow, India, to Dr. Denis p. F. Mulvany, M.R.C.S. of the Royal Army Medical corps of England. They will reside in Bombay, India.
      Ethel has been on a round-the-world-tour since last spring, but now she is not coming home but taking a trip into matrimony with a handsome soldier doctor. The groom and bride met about five years ago when they were travelling in England. This summer on a boat from Shanghai, they met again and the romance developed. They will be married the middle of October in Bombay. Ethel is widely known through the district of Manitoulin all join with The Expositor in wishing her much joy and happiness for years to come.
    Last Modified 19 May 2012 
    Family ID F3870  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Ontario Vital Records - Births #
      Cannard, Esther Willimena, female, born December 22, 1904. Parents: Henry Cannard and Mary Jane Sterlling, born in Algoma
      (next page not there)

      Through The Years, Vol. VIII, No. 5, March 1991, page 30
      Dorothy Hopkins Addison Scrapbook, transcribed by Marilyn Irish (photo included)
      Chooses Toronto as Best in Whole, Wide World, Manitoulin Girl, Who has Adopted India as Home, Here With $50,000. Native Exhibit - 1934
      There is no place like Toronto.
      So says Ethel Rogers Mulvany, a Manitoulin girl who has toured the world, has lived in Lucknow, India, and is back here as director of a $50,000 exhibit from the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, to be shown here at the Canadian National Exhibition.
      Mrs. Mulvany - her husband is a captain in the R.A.M.C. at Lucknow, thinks Toronto beats all the cities she has seen for orderliness, cleanliness and outward evidences of good government, leading London in that respect by a short head.
      Fair, blue-eyed and vivacious, she was once Ethel Rogers, a Manitoulin school teacher, at the age of 15. Then she tried her hand behind the counter in a Toronto store. After that she turned to study of social service work, in Toronto, Montreal and the London School of Economics. In London she met a Captain D.P.F. Mulvany, and without her knowledge, her career was decided from that moment.
      Coming back to Canada she did some literacy work became a member of the Canadian Author's Association, and set out on a world tour as organizing director of the Canadian Society for Literature and the Arts, now known as the Speaker's Bureau.
      Cupid Intervened
      Her tour had taken her as far as Shanghai, when she ran across Captain Mulvany again. That interrupted the tour. They became engaged in Singapore, she got a ring in Colombo and they were married, two months later, in Lucknow, where they have lived happily ever since.
      The romance interrupted that tour but did not for long divert her interests from social service, and it was in the interests of the people of India, especially the women, that she suggested the sending to Toronto of the United Provinces exhibit, the first to be sent abroad by a provincial government.
      In her two years she has come to love India and the Indian people especially the Purdah women. When she speaks of these their devotion, patience and untutored intelligence her vivacity becomes unstoppable, like the rains that flood her adopted homeland in the months of July and August.
      Her husband is as devoted as she to India and its people and they intend to stay there for 20 years, with intervals for furlough and escape from the warm weather - "not unbearably hot but unpleasantly warm" of May and June.
      One Drawback
      The Canadian climate, even in its present reaching out to the glow of summer, she finds uncomfortable cool, which gives Toronto an apparently, much-needed drawback.
      The exhibit of which she will be in charge consists of samples of native work in brass, enamel, ivory marble and weaving, all done by the poor inhabitants of Indian cottages. Some of it is already in Canada and the remainder is on the way. In addition there will be 12 jungle babies - young animals presented to the children of Toronto by the children of the United Provinces. These will be on show during the Exhibition and will afterwards find a home in the Riverdale Zoo.
      Mrs. Mulvany will stay in Canada till after the exhibition and will then return to India to continue her work there for the women she has come to love. Her name, by the way is Mulvany - spelt without an "e" and rhyming with Annie. She has a small bone to pick with Kiplinghnh for spelling it "Mulvaney", rhyming it with Rainy, and so popularizing the misuse among all readers of "Soldier's Three", throughout India.

      Article, uncited, Gert Aelick's Scrapbook, transcribed by Marilyn Irish
      Presented with King's Medal
      Mrs. Ethel Rogers Mulvany has been presented by the Governor of the united Provinces of India with a King's Silver Jubilee Medal as a token of gratitude for her work in Canada for the United Provinces. Mrs. Mulvany's friends on Manitoulin will be pleased with the honor she has received. Following is a letter accompanying the medal upon its presentation to Mrs. Mulvany.
      Governor United Provinces
      Governor's Camp
      United Provinces
      May 6th, 1935
      Dear Mrs. Mulvany:
      It gives me great pleasure, on this the first day of our Jubilee Celebration in Naini Tal, to be able to send you the King's Silver Jubilee Medal, which, as you know, has been instituted by His Majesty to commemorate this occasion and to be distributed as a personal souvenir from him to selected decipients (sic). You may be interested to know that in the united Provinces we have only 50 Jubilee Medals for ladies, British and Indian. I hope so far as the united Provinces are concerned, you will accept it as a token of our gratitude for what you are doing for us in Canada.
      With all good wishes form my wife and myself.
      Yours very sincerely,
      (Signed) Harry Haig.
      Mrs. Mulvany
      57 Barrington Ave.,
      Toronto, Canada.
      Note: Harry Haig is Sir Harry Haig, K.C., S.L., C.L.E., L.C.S.

      Article, Through the Years, Vol. VIII, No. 3, February 1992, page 33, submitted by Mrs. John Ferguson
      Also, Gert Aelick's Scrapbook, transcribed by Marilyn Irish
      Thursday, June 20th, 1935, The Manitoulin Expositor
      Great Black Cobra Struck
      Only a wonderful courage and presence of mind saved the life of Mrs. Ethel Rogers Mulvany when a cobra bit her in her garden at Cawnpore, India, recently, Mrs. Mulvany is the wife of Captain Mulvany, R.A.M.C., and just two years ago was Miss Ethel Rogers well known throughout Manitoulin. At present she is visiting in Toronto.
      (1)Ran Bharosy, Mrs. Mulvany bearer, who promptly cut our with a razor the flesh where the cobra struck, and then rushed her to hospital.
      (3)A little "sacred" monkey presented to Mrs. Mulvany by a Hindoo priest to protect her against another snake bite;
      (4)Is Mrs.Mulvany's home in Cawnpore
      (5)Is the hooded head of a cobra, the snake that struck her
      Mrs. Mulvany is in Toronto to take charge of 10 pairs of baby jungle animals to be shown at the C.N.E. and then to be presented to the children of Canada by the government of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
      (Photo courtesy of Toronto Star)

      Through The Years, Vol. VI, No., 1, November 1988, page 23
      Dorothy Hopkins Addison Scrapbook, transcribed by Marilyn Irish
      Toronto Star, April 20, 1942
      Fear Former Manitoulin Girl May Be Prisoner of Japs - May 1942
      Mrs. Ethel Rogers Mulvany was attached to Singapore Hospital
      Anxiety as to the fate of a former Manitoulin girl, Mrs. Ethel Rogers Mulvany, since the fall of Singapore is growing in the minds of her relatives and friends in Canada.
      Mrs. Mulvany will be remembered by many as the woman who brought a large exhibit from the United Provinces of India (Agra and Oudh) to the Canadian National Exhibition in 1935. She and her husband, Capt. D.P. Mulvany, of the Royal Army Medical Corps. Were attached to a military hospital in Singapore.
      "We have had no word from them", says Harvey Rogers of Honora, Manitoulin Island, Mrs. Mulvany's brother.
      Mrs. Mulvany is a vivacious and talented woman, writer, social worker, and globe trotter. She survived the bite of a cobra in Cawnpore, thanks chiefly to the speed of her to her husband's hospital in nine minutes. He carried her there on a bicycle, after making razor cuts on the bitten flesh and packing the wound with permanganate. Her husband, Mrs. Mulvany said, was "the calmest and coolest man in the world." He worked for days to save her life. An Indian woman, bitten supposedly by the same snake, three days later, died in 15 minutes.
      When Mrs. Mulvany brought the Indian exhibit here she brought also several baby jungle animals as a gift from the children of the Indian provinces to the children of Canada. She also brought the hide of a man-eating tiger, which was given as a present to Rideau Hall.

      Article, uncited, Memories of War Scrapbook by Lois Morphet, transcribed by Marilyn Irish
      Island Women Is Prison Of Japs (handwritten, April 1943)
      A former Island woman, Mrs. Mulvaney, nee Ethel Rogers from Honora, and for whose fate the family has been gravely concerned is now a prisoner of the Japs, somewhere in China.
      Her brother, Mr. Harvey Rogers, Honora received a letter on Tuesday from the Department of External Affairs that a wire had been received from The International Red Cross Society that Mrs. E. R. Mulvaney was held a prisoner at Chang. It has been ascertained that her husband, Captain in the Army's Medical Corps is a prisoner in Pow, Malaya.
      Mr. and Mrs. Mulvaney were residents of Singapore until its fall and this is the first news received about Mrs. Mulvaney.

      Article, uncited, Memories of War Scrapbook by Lois Morphet, transcribed by Marilyn Irish
      Jap Captive Sends Word (handwritten, 1944)
      The family and relatives of Ethel Rogers, now Mrs. Mulvaney, were pleased recently when the following messages were received. As will be recalled, Dr. and Mrs. Mulvaney resided in Singapore, when it was overrun by the Japanese, and they were taken prisoners. Mrs. Mulvaney, a trained nurse, has been officially listed as a prisoner of war and has only once before sent out a message.
      Senders Name and Address
      The Under Secretary of State Colonial Office,
      Enquiries and Casualties Dept.,
      2 Park street, London, W.I.
      September 25th, 1944
      I am directed by the Secretary of state for the Colonies to inform you that he has learned that a message from Mrs. Ethel Rogers Mulvaney, addressed to the Australian Red Cross Society, Queen Street, Melbourne, and broadcast from a Japanese-controlled station at Singapore, was picked up in India on the 12th of August. The text of the message which was read by a Japanese announcer, is as follows:-
      "Greetings to all, Bess ( ) Reg. Crancy, Write, Gracie and myself well. Red Cross supplies and letters received. Would welcome further supply. Longing for home. I am well.
      Ethel Rogers Mulvany"
      The Sectretary (sic) of State has thought it desirable to convey this news to you, although it is realized that it may have already reached you from another source.
      I am, Madam
      Your obedient servant
      S. J. Cote

      Who's Who on Manitoulin
      Mrs. Ethel Mulvany
      Editor's Note- Mrs. Ethel Mulvany, the subject of this week's Who's Who column, has led such a varied and interesting life, that it is necessary to carry it in two parts. This week's segment deals with the years before the war.
      Little did Ethel Mulvany of Mindemoya know what adventures awaited her in life when she embarked on a teaching career on Manitoulin.
      Ethel Rogers, as she was then, went to public school in Honora, high school in Little Current, followed by teachers' training in Gore Bay and Bracebridge during the summers. Her final exams were written with her left hand. She was crazy about softball and had broken her right arm sliding into a stationary base two weeks before the exams. School officials suggested she dictate her answers to a secretary but she refused, saying "Heavens no. I'm from Manitoulin; you have to write to think".
      She graduated despite her arm and taught in Perivale and Parkinson near Blind River.
      University followed. Ethel studied Social Work at the University of Toronto and Economics, under the remarkable Stephen Leacock, at McGill. She worked at Eaton's to help finance her studies.
      At this time, the Canadian Society of Literature and the Arts was formed by authors such as E.J. Fratt, and Marshall Saunders; and publishers such as Hugh Eayers, president of McMillan Publishing. Ethel was organizational director and sent to do an educations survey of the Far East, Japan, China, Singapore and India.
      Ethel was entertained lavishly in Toronto before she left. Even the Prime Minister, R.B. Bennett, had met with her. She set off rel….icing on her adventure.
      A first class ticket on the Empress of Japan was provided, but she changed it to tourist class. A refund would allow her to buy all kinds of arts and crafts for ….society. When she arrived at the ship, the purser handed her a brown envelope and insisted she was a first class passenger. He couldn't argue with such a determined lady so she stayed in tourist. Ethel shoved the brown envelope into a drawer and promptly forgot it. She wanted to see the ship leave the harbour.
      It was a beautiful trip on board with a fabulous stop in Hawaii. When the ship arrived in Japan, Ethel and the friends she had made watched a great white limousine, flying the Canadian ensign, drive up to the dock. They saw the baggage loaded, and watched to see the VIP enter the car. Suddenly officials came directly towards the group and said, "Miss Rogers, please." She was embarrassed, but said quietly to her friends, "the brown envelope".
      Indeed it was the brown envelope, R.B. Bennett had looked after everything. She stayed with the Canadian ambassador and was invited by the Pearl King, Mikimoto, to his islands. She arranged for her shipmates to accompany her. They were served a dozen oysters each. Ethel found four cultured pearls, plus a rare black pearl in her oysters. She immediately had the black pearl made into a tie pin for R.B. Bennett.
      Ethel was intending to write a book about her trip, to be published by her friend, the publisher of McMillan. This would help financially with her future studies. Because of this, the wife of the ambassador thought she should be presented aqt court. Arrangements were made, and Ethel was to be presented to the King of Siam later in the spring.
      No trip is complete without a shipboard romance, and this one was no different. Ethel had been given a great send off by the Canadian Ambassador in China. After caviar for lunch, Ethel was taken back to the ship in a private launch, filled with flowers and boisterous Canadians, singing O' Canada, The Maple Leaf Forever, and any other Canadian song they could think of.
      She looked up as they came along side the ship and saw two sanctimonious Englishmen looking down on the merry group. it was obvious they were thinking, "Thank god we're not as others are," She thought no more of them as the ship sailed.
      Ethel noticed the muddy river was looking green-and she was feeling very ill. It was ptomaine poisoning from the caviar.
      She was determined not to call the doctor, but by midnight it was a necessity. Unfortunately, the ship's doctor was an alcoholic and didn't feel capable of helping her. There were two bright young doctors on board as passengers. One was called, Ethel was cured, and the romance was on.
      This ship board romance had a happy ending. The young doctor, Dennis Mulvany, a captain in the RAMC, was on his way back to his post in India. He proposed to Ethel, she accepted, and they were married in Lucknow shortly thereafter. So much for the King of Siam!
      The military wedding was arranged by the colonel. The church was filled with orchids, gardenias, and frange pani. A guard of honor greeted them as they left the church. A white carriage, drawn by four horses draped in white net and tassles, carried them to the reception where the band of 10th Hussars played
      Life as a British army officer's wife in India was a dream. There were 22 servants to look after the daily needs and the extensive entertaining. Ethel rode every morning, then spent the rest of the day changing her clothes for the next event.
      One morning on her ride, she came upon a little village with mud houses. The next day, the village was gone. Floods had completely wiped it out. Ethel watched a young woman dig through the mud. She found a brass kettle-all that remained of her belongings. This seemed to give the woman courage, she straightened up and was able to carry on.
      The incident made Ethel realize how little she had accomplished in the last two years. She said to herself. "You, Ethel Mulvany, who led a useful life in Canada, can do something."
      Mrs. Mulvany was impressed by the local craftsmen and decided Canadians would like to see and learn about Indian crafts. She arranged with the Governor, Sir Harry Haig, to bring an Indian Exhibition to the CNE. She was planning a visit home that summer of 1935 anyway and could co-ordinate the whole affair.
      The governor arranged for a half-million dollars, and her work began. Crafts had to be purchased, packed and shipped. Some would be for exhibition only, others for sale. Besides the crafts, she also arranged to bring interesting baby animals. Two each of tigers, elephants, mongoose and a panda bear that smoked a cigar were sent. Unfortunately, the bear never made Canada. The seamen on the ship were fascinated by the smoking bear. They took it out for a picture taking session, and it fell overboard.
      R.B. Bennett involved the Canadian government in the venture. Ethel worked non-stop all summer, and it was a roaring success. They sold $512,000 worth of goods with orders for more.
      With gifts and letters from the prime minister, Ethel sailed for England to meet Dennis. For the next four years, they lived in India and England.
      Mrs. Mulvany's life takes a drastic change at this point. The story of her internment in a Japanese prison camp and her return to Canada to begin Treasure Van will be continued next week.

      Article, uncited, Memories of War Scrapbook by Lois Morphet, transcribed by Marilyn Irish
      The Little Current Story
      Islanders were prisoners of war
      By Sandy McGillivray, Little Current Library Board Chairman
      Besides DFC winners Keith Patterson and Tom Britten, others from Little Current and vicinity distinguished themselves and were awarded medals for their valour
      Melvin McKenzie, a resident of Tehkummah although Little Current born, received the British Medal for bravery after helping to extricate crewmen when one bomber crashed into another. M. J. Drolet, the son of Al Drolet of Little Current, won the same medal.
      Rifleman Charles Nahwegezik of Sheguiandah won the Military Medal posthumously. The latter was also won by Sergeant Bob McMurray for valour in heavy fighting at one of the canal crossings in Holland. On being informed he had to be presented to the King to receive the medal, Sgt. McMurray wrote, "I really don't know how to act when I get there" He reckoned he would watch what others did and do the same.
      Lieutenant Colonel W.J.A. Hastie, who originally hailed from Sheguiandah, had been in the militia before war began. Besides earning an OBE, he was awarded the coveted Croix de Guerre with Palm by the French government for organizing supplies for the troops during and after the Normandy Invasion. Unfortunately, his son, who was also in the Army, was killed just after D Day in June 1944
      Private R.M. Stringer and Corporal John A. Eadie did well in track and field in Army sports meets. In the period of occupation after V-E Day "Beau" Beaudin - Private Humphrey Beaudin of Little Current- made a name for himself in inter-battalion boxing matches as well as excelling in long distance running.
      A number of enlisted men from Manitoulin spent time as prisoners of war. Private Leonard Peltier, after being captured in Sicily, was involved in a prisoner exchange a few months before the war ended. Lyman Pearson of Little Current was captured in the fall of 1944 and pilot Officer Alex May, who had attended school in town, was taken prisoner right at the end of the war after a tour of more than 30 flights.
      Undoubtedly the most grueling experiences as POWs were endured by ex-Manitoulin resident and author Mrs. Ethel Rogers Mulvaney and ex-Little Current resident Kathleen Christie. The former was interned by the Japanese after the fall of Singapore and was not reunited with her husband, Dr. D.P.F. Mulvaney, until after Japan surrendered in 1945. Her tales of starvation, torture and executions were horrific. She alleged that "…Indian soldiers were executed and their thighs and arms sold in the native stores as meat," by the Japanese occupying force.
      Kay Christie, who left Little Current to live in Toronto, volunteered as a nurse and was in Hong Kong when it fell to the Japanese at the end of 1941 When she was repatriated to Canada in 1943 she was reluctant to speak of her ordeal, but recently on the CBC program Fresh Air she spoke at length of her experience of internment and the torture, mutilations, rapes, and decapitations that Japanese troops inflicted on Canadian soldiers and medical staff when they ran amuck in Hong Kong. Little wonder that one ex-internee of a Japanese POW camp, in the heat of the moment, described the Japanese of that era as westernized but not civilized.
      The most intriguing local account of life as a POW was furnished through the letters of Sergeant Ivan Quinn of Little Current. Like Captain McKessock during World War I, he was captured in the early war years and, like the latter, was very articulate in his letters to the folks back home.
      After training in Manitoba and later receiving his wings in New Brunswick in the spring of 1941, Sergeant Quinn was reported missing over enemy territory in the late summer of the same year. The Quinn family members were relieved to learn that Ivan was declared to be a prisoner of war over a German shortwave newscast sergeant Quinn subsequently recounted that only two of a crew of six survived after being shot down on a raid over Duisbert-his only mission. A letter from his RCAF squadron informed Mrs. Parsons that the contents of the parcel sent by the Overseas Comforts Committee were being shared by his comrades.
      Letters from Sergeant Quinn began arriving that fall. He wrote that prisoners were limited to (Continued on Page 18)
      Sergeant Ivan Quinn, a pilot in the RCAF, was shot down on his first mission over Germany. Only two from the bomber's crew survived. Sergeant Quinn was taken prisoner and spent the period from August 1941 until May 1945 in German POW camps. While in camp, he studied from medical and legal books sent over from friends.
      Photo courtesy of Mrs. Vera Petch
      Page 18 is missing.

      Manitoulin Expositor, September 12, 2001
      Women of Valour
      A doctor and his wife reunited after separation as POWs
      Editor's Note-This story about the freeing of Dr. and Ethel Rogers Mulvaney from a Japanese prisoner of war camp was published on the front page of The Manitoulin Expositor on October 25, 1945. It's headline was "Mulvaneys are freed from Japs."
      Mulvaneys Are Freed From Japs
      Dr. and Mrs. D.P.E. Mulvaney, (nee Ethel Rogers), were re-united recently after being prisoner of the Japs since the fall of Singapore. They were separated by the Japs and for two years didn't know whether the other had succumbed under the hardships of the prison camps.
      Mrs. Mulvaney, in a letter to her brother, Harvey Rogers, Honora, relates her experiences and hardships of prison life. The letter is dated September 30th, and was received here hast Monday, October 25th.
      She begins her letter with the words: "We are free! After a long and terrible nightmare. None can imagine, who has not been a prisoner of war just what joy it is to be alive after these grueling times. The prisoners always wondered what the next move would be by the cruel and god merciless foe, and they all agree it was no picnic. The food was terrible according to civilized standards, and didn't induce more attraction than a pig's trough. The staple food in the reg consisted of rice, (not much of it) with bayam, a course spinach and a little red, palm oil, all boiled into a sloppy soup it was a lucky day when salt was added. It was served from buckets and the white prisoners lined up to receive their pint of this messy mixture."
      That everyone lost weight on such scanty and unusual food is understandable, from malnutrition. Mrs. Mulvaney, who weighted about 145-148 Lbs. upon imprisonment was town to 108 lbs. when released.
      She writes that thousands of white soldiers were beaten or starved to death. One example she relates as ghastly was when Indian soldiers were executed and their thighs and arms sold in the native stores as meat.
      All the civilian prisoners were to be executed by shooting on September 15th, but surrender in August saved them.
      Dr. and Mrs. Mulvaney are both weak but recuperating in Bangalore, Indian where they intend to stay for the winter as they believe that the colder climates of Europe and Canada may be too much in their weakened condition. Mrs. Mulvaney relates that they sleep 13 hours a day and that there is no limit to the food they can consume. Her fondest dreams are centered upon food, particularly she is longing for Morelles, bread and butter, rabbit stew and raspberry pie.

      Obituary, uncited, Scrapbook by Bev Morphet, Obituaries, 1992-1995, transcribed Marilyn Irish
      MULVANY (Rogers), Ethel Wilhelmina - After a lengthy stay in the Chronic Care Unit of Mindemoya Health Centre, Ethel (Rogers) Mulvany passed away in her 88th year, on October 22, 1992 at 7:15.
      Born to Henry and Mary Cannard in December 1904, she was adopted by Reverend and Mrs. Henry Rogers of Honora, when her mother died in childbirth. She began her interesting life at 16 years, having finished high school, she began teaching in Perivale. She proceeded from there to McGill University. There she won a scholarship and a trip around the world; which she did not complete because she met a British Army surgeon on his way to occupation duty in India. They were married in India where they remained, owning their own Island and yacht (named the Honora), until Singapore fell to the Japanese. She was an ambulance driver for the Australian Red Cross until taken prisoner which lasted 3 1/2 years.
      After liberation she returned to Canada and after recovering some of the horrors of the war she began a life of trying to help young people become better educated. Her one great effort began as a seed and grew until the Treasure Van Corporation - selling arts and crafts in universities across Canada, from other countries.
      She was predeceased by three sisters, Grace, May and Hazel and a brother Myron and two half brothers Herman and Harvey Rogers. She leaves two nieces and three nephews in Western Canada and three nieces, Marion King, Ruth Leeson and Gloria Pos in the east as well as many cousins and very good friends. A quiet graveside service was held on October 26 at 2 pm and interment followed in Coldsprings Cemetery. Anyone wishing could make a donation to Mindemoya Health Center or any charity of their choice.

      Article, Manitoulin Expositor, August 7, 2013
      Historical Society reprints Japanese prisoner of war cookbook
      Changi Jail Cook Book a part of Ethel Mulvany's remarkable life
      MINDEMOYA - For the second time, the Central Manitoulin Historical Society is showcasing the remarkable story of Islander Ethel Mulvany at the Mindemoya Welcome Centre.
      Ms. Mulvany, who was born in 1904 and died in 1992, was a schoolteacher at one time on Manitoulin and then studied at the University of Toronto, McGill University and the London School of Economics. She was living in Singapore with her husband Captain Denis Mulvany when that city fell to the Japanese during World War Two and spent the rest of the war in the Changi jail, which had been turned into a prisoner of war (POW) camp.
      While enduring horrific conditions at the jail, Ms. Mulvany came up with the idea of compiling a cookbook as a means of getting the salivary glands of the prisoners working to prevent deaths by starvation. "It would relieve our hunger," Ms. Mulvany wrote in a foreword to the cookbook, "to compile a recipe book. It seemed to help when we were most hungry. I made this collection when I weighed 85 pounds."
      Called the Changi Jail Cook Book, the volume contains many delicious recipes from the prisoners and is now on display at the Welcome Centre along with numerous pictures, including those of Ms. Mulvany and her husband, and artifacts consisting of her wedding dress and a quilt made from scraps by prisoners at the jail.
      Members of the Historical Society decided to reproduce the cookbook and copies, titled 'Ethel Mulvany's Prisoners of War Cook Book,' are now on sale at both the Welcome Centre and the Mindemoya Market. Permission to copy the cookbook was received from Ms. Mulvany's niece, Marion King, as well as pictures for the exhibit. Ms. King, as society member Laurene Martell explained, was one of three nieces of Ms. Mulvany and once worked as a nurse at the Mindemoya hospital, as did her sister Ruth.
      "This was a two-year project," Society Curator Pat Costigan said of the cookbook. "Marilyn Irish typed up all the recipes from the cookbook and Norma Hughson gathered information from different places including Manitoulin Genealogy. Norma took pictures of all the treasures we had received from Ethel Mulvany's estate. Over the past year, I have found additional information and organized the material into the book format."
      With a cover design by Julianne and Pat Costigan, the book includes a foreword by Dr. Suzanne Evans, a former Research Fellow at the Canadian War Museum. Ms. Evans is currently writing a book about Ms. Mulvany and she and her husband will travel to Singapore to do more research on both this extraordinary woman and the Changi POW camp. As Ms. Costigan explained in the preface of the cookbook, it was a phone call to Central Manitoulin Historical Society President Ted Taylor from Ms. Evans, who was looking for the original ledgers containing the recipes, that made the organization's members realize what a treasure they had. Ms. Evans was particularly appreciative of the information she was able to glean from The Expositor, saying, "In my research work on Ethel I have greatly appreciated all the articles that The Expositor has done on Ethel from the 1930s onward. While keeping track of their Island daughter the paper has provided an historical record far more interesting and personal than any census record."
      As well as Ms. Evans' book, writer Lorraine Mallinder is currently writing an article about Ms. Mulvany for the magazine Canada's History.
      The book produced by the Historical Society is impressive for it is not just a remake of the Changi jail prisoner's book, but also adds details of Ms. Mulvany's exceptional life. "We just found her to be a creative problem solver," said Ms. Costigain. "Even when she got out, she continued to help others."
      Indeed, when Ms. Mulvany returned to Canada in 1946, she raised money for foodstuffs to be sent to POWs who were in hospital in England, by selling copies of her recipe book and giving talks around the Toronto area about her experiences. She is also responsible for the Treasures Van Corporation, which brings crafts from other countries to Canadian universities and provides craftsmen in developing countries the means to raise their standard of living.
      Members of the Historical Society have made the new cookbook as close to the original as possible and anything written by Ms. Mulvany in the original jail ledgers are typed in italics. As well, the names of all the POWs who submitted recipes are included. Plans are also underway to include a video of an interview with Ms. Mulvany in the Welcome Centre display. As Ms. Costigan explained, when Mindemoya resident Marion Seabrook was teaching, she had her students interview different people and two of her pupils talked with, and recorded, Ms. Mulvany. The video will be available for viewing once permission has been obtained.
      It is well worth your while to take in the Ethel Mulvany display at the Welcome Centre in Mindemoya and to pick up a copy of the 'Prisoners of War Cook Book.' You will be glad you did.
      by Betty Bardswich
      How a Canadian woman's imaginary feasts helped starving WW II prisoners
      Ethel Mulvany dared fellow PoWs to dream of home. Their shared recipes brought them solace in Changi Prison
      CBC Radio · Posted: Oct 11, 2019 5:46 PM ET | Last Updated: October 11
      A portrait of Ethel Rogers Mulvany done in Changi Prison in 1942. Mulvany dreamed up imaginary feasts with other prisoners of war who were sent to the overcrowded prison after the British lost the military battle for the island that year. (Submitted by Suzanne Evans)
      At the height of the Second World War, 40 female prisoners on the brink of starvation gathered around makeshift tables in Singapore's Changi Prison for a daily feast.
      There was no food on their table. Instead, they traded recipes and dreamed up dinner party menus. They savoured the idea of flavour.
      These imaginary feasts were the brainchild of a wildly energetic and creative Canadian woman named Ethel Rogers Mulvany.
      Born on Manitoulin Island, Ont., in 1904, Mulvany was a social worker, arts event co-ordinator and teacher. During the Second World War, she and her husband moved to Singapore, where he was posted as a military doctor. She became a Red Cross ambulance driver.
      In 1942, in a battle described by British prime minister Winston Churchill as "the worst disaster" in British military history, the island fell to the Japanese. Mulvany — along with thousands of other civilians — was marched into the notorious and overcrowded Changi Prison.
      The feasts became a tool for survival, Ottawa historian and writer Suzanne Evans told The Sunday Edition's documentary producer Alisa Siegel.
      Evans is working on a book about Mulvany to be published in the fall of 2020.
      Mulvany on Pulau Shorga Island off Singapore in 1941, before the war. (Submitted by Marion King)
      "This was not taking their appetites away. This was taking the women away from their hunger. They were leaving that world," Evans said.
      "They were escaping their prison right under the noses of their jailers, and there was nothing that the jailers could do about it. They were going into an imaginary world — together."
      'Their own table in the sky'
      Mulvany was inspired by a poem called The Depression Ends by Newfoundland poet Ned Pratt, which was written during the Great Depression.
      "He imagined a feast at a table in the skies that would be for all the world's destitute and starving, and he imagined that it would be so big that it would take light years to get around the table. It would be centred around a barbecue with all kinds of fish and fowl and meat," Evans said.
      "Ethel saw no reason why she and her fellow prisoners couldn't have their own table in the sky."
      The women planned their imaginary feasts down to the smallest detail. There was a centrepiece of daisies with sprigs of fern, dreamed up by Mulvany's friend Euphemia Redfearn, alongside beloved objects from the women's memories. They recounted how to churn butter, step by step. They swapped recipes and added modifications.
      "Your saliva would flow, and you'd swallow the saliva. Believe it or not, you had a meal. You always felt better," Mulvany told Maclean's magazine in 1961.
      Eventually, Mulvany insisted they start writing their recipes down.
      Mulvany, before being presented to the emperor and empress of Japan, in 1933. After the war, which involved her being tortured and banished to solitary confinement in prison, she found it difficult to record what she remembered. (Submitted by Marion King)
      "Paper was in very short supply, but she found old newspapers in the dungeon of this jail and she cut off the edges of them, which are blank," Evans said.
      "She eventually gathered together all these little floaty bits of newspaper with recipes written on them, and she badgered the Japanese to give her some proper writing paper. They gave her a couple of old logbooks, and people transcribed the recipes into these logbooks."
      Evans described the collection of recipes as a "book of longing."
      "I think Ethel is a woman of longing. I think she longed for her family. Of course, she longed for a good meal. She longed for love. She longed to make the world a better place," she said.
      Dreams and reality
      At the imaginary feasts, the table always had butter and salt. The guests feasted on orange chiffon pies made with five eggs, and sausages dripping with fat.
      "The only wartime cookbooks that I had known about before I came across this one was how to make do with less, and how to scrimp and save, and how to live under rationing — Depression cakes that have no butter in them. That's not what this was about. They gave full rein to their dreams," Evans said.
      But their dreams stood in stark contrast to their reality. There was never enough to eat, and the prisoners were steadily losing weight. Mulvany's friend Redfearn, who brought make-believe daisies to the feasts, got sick and died. So did many of the older prisoners.
      Australian prisoners of war inside Changi Prison, Singapore, in 1945, during the Second World War. (Australian War Memorial)
      On Sept. 27, 1943, six Japanese ships were destroyed in the Singapore harbour. Convinced the prisoners were responsible, the Japanese authorities retaliated harshly. On Oct. 10, 1943, in what's known as the Double Tenth incident, they arrested and tortured 57 civilian prisoners. Fifteen people died.
      "After that point, the food dropped precipitously ... and that's when people really suffered," Evans said.
      Mulvany was put into solitary confinement and tortured with electric shocks. Her prison camp number was branded into her arm. She remained in solitary confinement for six months, until the prison was liberated in September 1945.
      Raising money for former PoWs
      After liberation, Mulvany struggled to write down her memories of the war.
      "She just couldn't get it out, [but] she had her recipes, and she thought, 'Well, that will tell part of the story,'" Evans said.
      She brought the logbooks full of recipes to a print store in Toronto's east end, and asked the man at the counter to make her 2,000 copies.
      Inside Mulvany's logbook of recipes from the women prisoners at Changi Prison in Singapore, on display at the Central Manitoulin Pioneer Museum in Ontario. Ottawa historian Suzanne Evans describes Mulvany's collection of recipes as a 'book of longing.' (Submitted by Suzanne Evans)
      "He asked her if she wanted the names of all the people who had contributed the recipes, and she said, 'No, I don't, because a lot of them are gone, and it would be like calling back the dead,'" Evans said.
      Reluctant to claim authorship, Mulvany used her initials, E.R.M., instead of her full name.
      Mulvany visited churches and community groups with a briefcase full of cookbooks, and sold them to raise money for former prisoners of war. At the end of each night, her briefcase was always empty.
      The suitcase Mulvany carried into and out of Changi Prison in Singapore during the Second World War. It now rests in the Central Manitoulin Pioneer Museum in Ontario. (Submitted by Suzanne Evans)
      "She told people, 'There are starving people out there, and there are still hungry ex-PoWs in England, and if you buy one of these cookbooks you can learn about what we experienced,'" Evans said.
      With the $18,000 she raised by selling 20,000 copies, Mulvany ordered food from Eaton's and shipped it to former PoWs still hospitalized in England and living on rations. Fresh oranges were at the top of her list.
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      "She wanted to send [oranges] to those ex-PoWs, because they had dreamed of them in prison camp," Evans said.
      'Enjoy your homes. Enjoy your food'
      In late summer 2019, Evans gathered a group of women artists together in Hillier, Ont., to introduce them to Mulvany and her remarkable cookbook — and to hold their own imaginary feast.
      "Thank you all very much for agreeing to come to this imaginary feast, so that you can imagine what Ethel Mulvany and other prisoners of war in Changi [Prison] might have experienced when they sat around and talked about the food that they dreamed of," she told them.
      Mulvany in 1966 with a quilt made on order for Maryon Pearson, wife of former Canadian prime minister Lester B. Pearson. (Submitted by Marion King)
      Mulvany may not have foreseen her cookbook being used at another imaginary feast nearly 80 years later. But in a foreword, she spoke directly to readers who would make these recipes with ingredients they could smell and touch, rather than with the powers of their minds.
      "Remember, cooks, when you are using this book, that the individuals who wrote the recipes were starving prisoners of war. I hope that you may enjoy the recipes. I also hope that you will never know what starvation or even real hunger means," she wrote.
      "From one Canadian who survived the horrors of war and prison camp, may I just say, enjoy your homes. Enjoy your food. There is nothing that can take their place."